Question: Why are there two different genealogies for Jesus? One in
Matthew 1 and also in Luke, chapter 3? And why does Matthew 1 record
Joseph's genealogy?

Answer: The Gospel of Matthew records Joseph’s genealogy and the
Gospel of Luke records Jesus’ genealogy through Mary. (
Joseph cannot have two
fathers-- therefore we must conclude that Heli was Joseph's father-in-law, recorded in Luke 3.)

Both Mary and Joseph were of the royal house of David-- THIS IS SO
IMPORTANT, as we shall examine. Both Joseph's and Mary's genealogy
are recorded for good reason, as we shall examine. Some modern "scholars"
are now suggesting that Luke and Matthew both record Joseph's genealogy.
We reject such modernistic thinking for it undermines the whole purpose of
why the Holy Spirit gave us the two:

Matthew points out Jesus' place in the royal succession.
Luke gives us His actual physical ancestry through Mary's bloodline.

Joseph's genealogy is recorded because our Lord Jesus was the adopted son of
Joseph, who was a son of David.

When you adopt a child, you take him home with you and he legally becomes
your child,
your heir, and that child takes on the family name. An adopted
child becomes a part of the family and the parents treat him as
their OWN.
So it was with Jesus-- Joseph cared for Jesus as if Jesus was his own child.

Now, the Lord Jesus, being the Son of God, was conceived of the Holy Spirit
did not come from Joseph’s loins (Isaiah 7:14) but rather was born of
Mary, a virgin. Jesus was Joseph’s son by adoption -- when Joseph married
Mary (Matthew 1:20)—thus legally, Jesus was Joseph’s adopted son.

Matthew 1:1  
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David,
son of Abraham.

Joseph was a son of David and a son of Abraham. If Joseph was not of royal
blood, even though Mary was of the lineage of David,
the Messianic claim
of Jesus to David’s throne could have been rejected by the Jews. Both
parents had to be of David’s lineage and both were
—Joseph was through
the line of Solomon and Mary was through the line of Nathan.


A promise was given to King David concerning Messiah:

1Chron 17:11-16  
And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to
be with thy fathers, that I will raise up
thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will
establish his kingdom. He shall build me an house, and
I will stablish his throne for ever. I will
be his father, and he shall be my son
: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it
from him [Saul] that was before thee:
But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom
for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore. And thine house and thy
kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

As prophesied in the Old Testament, Messiah must be of the lineage of David.
The title “Son of David” is a Messianic title. When we read of the people
calling out to Jesus, “Thou Son of David…” They were stating that He indeed
was the promised Messiah.

Remember what the angel said to Mary, who was still a virgin? The Lord God
shall give unto Jesus the throne of His father, David.
The genealogies are
recorded to show, especially the Jewish people, that the Lord Jesus
meets the requirements of the Messiah.

Luk 1:26-30  And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto
a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name
was Joseph,
of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. And
the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the
Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. And when she saw him, she
was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this
should be. And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found
favour with God.

Luke 1:31-35  And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring
forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
He shall be great, and shall be
called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the
throne of his father David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob
for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Then said Mary unto
the angel, How shall this be
, seeing I know not a man? And the angel
answered and said unto her,
The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and
power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy
thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

(Notice, "the throne of his father David"... Since Jesus had no biological
earthly father, Mary must also be of the lineage of King David. Jesus
Christ was born "the seed of the woman". Mary's ancestral father was
King David, as recorded in Luke 3.)

Isaiah 7:14  Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a
virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Micah 5:2  But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the
thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me
that is to be
ruler in Israel;
whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

Joseph's Lineage

Now that we have established that Messiah must be of the house of David and
also virgin born--Deity--the Son of God, there must also be a significance of
why Joseph's lineage is recorded in Matthew for the Jews to read. (Matthew is
the Gospel to the Jews, generally called, "The Gospel of The Kingdom".)

As stated above, Matthew points out Jesus' place in the
royal succession.
(While Luke gives us His
actual physical ancestry through Mary's bloodline.)
As stated above, Joseph was of the line of David through Solomon. The
descendant of Solomon has
legal claim to David’s throne. However...
Joseph's own biological seed could never reign on the Throne of David. Why?
Because there was a curse placed upon Joseph’s ancestor-- the last king of
Judah, Coniah or also spelled Jeconiah in the Old Testament (Jeremiah 22:30).
No seed of his shall sit on the Throne of David:

Jeremiah 22:30
Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that
shall not prosper in his days: for
no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon
the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

Jeconiah did have children but it was as if he were childless, seeing that none
of his offspring could reign upon the throne of David. Joseph had the royal
bloodline from King Solomon—BUT seeing that he was a descendant of
(also spelled Jechonias in Matthew 1:11), Joseph could not rightfully sit upon
the throne, nor could his biological seed-- because of the curse-- BUT
the Lord Jesus, being Joseph's supposed son was
not of his loins-- was not
“his seed”
-- and therefore COULD take the rightful throne of David through
Mary's lineage-- "the seed of the woman".

Joseph was of royal blood but no biological seed of his could rule on the
Throne. BUT...
The curse said nothing about an adopted son.

*The lineage in Matthew shows that Joseph is in point of law entitled to the
throne, therefore
Jesus is legally heir to the throne of David. The curse did
not affect the
legal claim to the throne. Jesus has title to the Throne of David
through Mary's bloodline. Mary's genealogy came through the line of Nathan.
No curse rested upon that line. *See A.C. Gaebelein’s commentary on Matthew and Luke

"It is because Jesus was Mary's seed, "the seed of the woman" (Genesis 3:15),
and not the seed of Joseph, that He is entitled to inherit the throne of David."
--William L. Pettingill


Although there was a curse placed upon Jechonias and his seed, the Lord
promised in Jeremiah 23:5 that He would still raise up a Righteous Branch in
the House of David...this came via King David's son, Nathan-- of whom
Christ Jesus is an ancestor. (Genealogy of Christ Jesus, recorded in Luke 3).

Jeremiah 23:5-6  
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise
unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and
shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be
saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be

Now, we don't see "The Branch" mentioned again in Scripture until we reach
the Book of Zechariah. Something interesting to note that very few expositors
have touched on is the verses found in Zechariah 12:10, 12-14:
"And I will
pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the
spirit of grace and of supplications: and
they shall look upon me whom
they have pierced
, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for
his only son
, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for
his firstborn...And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the

house of David
apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of
apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart,
and their wives apart; the
family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart;
All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart."

It is rather interesting that specifically the house of David and Nathan and
Levi and Shimei are mentioned. When the Lord Jesus returns at the end of
the Tribulation period to rescue Israel, these mentioned shall mourn when they
recognize His nail prints in His hands and feet. The reason? The Lord Jesus is
of the house of
David and of Nathan. He is their relative-- their kin, whom
they have rejected for almost 2000 years. They will weep uncontrollably.

And Levi and Shimei are of the priestly line. Their ancestors delivered Jesus to
be crucified and covered up the Lord’s Resurrection by paying off the soldiers.
But yet the One, whom they said was an “imposter” and delivered him up to
Pilate to be crucified is indeed the Messiah. Christ Jesus fulfilled the Hebrew
prophecies concerning Messiah's death. (Found in such places as Psalms 22
and Isaiah 53—where Messiah was prophesied to be killed and rise again.)

The offspring of Levi and Shimei will know it is Jesus when He returns to
earth someday-- they will see nail prints in his hands and feet-- the Lord shall
return in all of His glory to save them at the Battle of Armageddon and they
shall weep bitterly because they and their ancestors before them, had rejected  
Jesus/Yeshua as their own Messiah for so many centuries.

The "Son of God" and "Son of Man"

Romans 1:3-4 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of
seed of David according to the flesh; And declared to be the Son of
God with power
, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from
the dead:

Psalm 89:26-27 He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the
rock of my salvation. Also I will make him
my firstborn, higher than the
kings of the earth.

Christ Jesus says in Revelation 22:16 "I am the root and the offspring of
David, and the bright and morning star."

The Lord Jesus is the Son of David. Both chapters, "Matthew 1" and "Luke 1"
also state that His conception was of the Holy Spirit. There is absolutely no
question that Jesus is Divine. He is the Son of Man and the Son of God.

Matt 1:20  
But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord
appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou
son of David, fear not to
take unto thee Mary thy wife: for t
hat which is conceived in her is of the
Holy Ghost.

Many prophecies pointing to Messiah state that He would be Deity (Psalm 2:6-
7, Isaiah 9:6) and also would be the seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15).

Isaiah 9:6:
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the
government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called

Wonderful, Counsellor,
The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The
Prince of Peace.

Notice that this child spoken of in Isaiah 9:6 is called, "Mighty God",
"Everlasting Father"...Only God could have such titles.

Many Hebrew prophecies also state that Messiah would be "pierced" and
killed. (Isaiah 53, Psalm 22:16, Daniel 9:26, Zechariah 12:10, plus others).
For a detailed study on prophecies of the Hebrew Scriptures pertaining to
Messiah, click here.

The Lord Jesus is Jewish-- He was called by His friends and family, "Yeshua",
which means "salvation". He grew up in Israel, with a Jewish mother and
stepfather and Jewish brothers and sisters-- the biological children of Joseph
and Mary's marriage.

Messiah Jesus lived all His years obeying the Law of Moses. He never sinned
and instead was crucified for our sin, fulfilling the Scriptures concerning the
Messiah-- that Messiah would be rejected and killed and rise again.

The Lord Jesus told His disciples these words (after He arose from the dead):
Luke 24:44-48  And he said unto them,
These are the words which I spake
unto you, while I was yet with you, that
all things must be fulfilled, which
were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms,
concerning me.
Then opened he their understanding, that they might
understand the scriptures, And said unto them,
Thus it is written, and thus
it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among
all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things.

(This is why God has not allowed the Jews a Temple for sin offerings in over
1900 years. The Lord Jesus paid the price for sin, fulfilling the Scriptures.)


The Gospel of Matthew points out Jesus' place in the royal succession. The
Gospel of Luke gives us His actual physical ancestry through Mary's lineage.
Both Mary and Joseph had to be of the House of David. If Joseph was not of
royal blood, even though Mary was of the lineage of David, the Messianic
claim of Jesus to David’s throne could have been rejected by the Jews. Both
parents had to be of David’s lineage and both were—Joseph was through the
line of Solomon and Mary was through the line of Nathan. Jesus was not a
"son of David" through Joseph but through Mary-- the seed of the woman.

Jesus' genealogy through Mary
avoided the curse placed upon Jeconia's seed
and "yet allowed Him to claim the throne legitimately as a true human
descendant of David, and as the
adopted heir of the kingly line of Joseph."
-Liberty Bible Commentary

A.C. Gaebelein wrote: "As the supposed son of Joseph, He (Jesus) inherited
the legal title to the throne through Joseph, but being a son of David through
Mary, the curse which rested upon Jeconias was not upon Him."

William Pettingill wrote: “Jesus is the heir to the Davidic and Abrahamic
covenants. The throne is his, and he is the promised seed through whom all
the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

The Lord Jesus Christ is the legal heir to the Throne of David and He shall
rule and reign forever.

Psalm 110:1  
<A Psalm of David.> The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou
at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

1Cor 15:25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

Copyright © 2006  Cobblestone Road Ministries
All Rights Reserved.


The Hebrew Scriptures Prove Jesus is the Messiah
Why Are The Jews Called "God's Chosen People"?
Why Did Messiah Have To Die?
Is The Trinity Found In The Hebrew Scriptures? Yes!

Further Christian Study:
His Final Triumph
Did Mary Have Other Children?
The Genealogies Recorded
In Matthew and Luke?
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